HSE Prep – English

HSE Prep

Hi there. This is the page where we keep all of our English lessons. We’ve broken all of our lessons into sections – scroll down to find the topic you want to work on.

The Basics of Sentences

What makes a sentence a sentence? Are there any rules? Do we have to follow them? Let’s find out in this week’s video and guide. 

Run-ons and Comma Splices

Commas can be a little confusing, especially because they seem to be so simple to use. In this lesson, we are looking at what run-ons and comma splices are.

It’s recommended that you take a look at the previous lesson – sentences – and revise commas a little bit before jumping into this lesson. 


Capitalization means to make the first letter of a word a capital letter, as in the ‘A’ in the word, ‘Alabama. ‘ Capitalization is used when you want to show the reader that a word is of special importance. You can’t just start capitalizing any words; however, you have to follow the rules! 

Colons and Semicolons

This week, let’s understand the uses of colons, and semicolons…. In writing, we use colons and semicolons to make connections and introductions


hyphen is a punctuation mark. It is used both to join words and to separate syllables. It is often confused with a dash, which is longer. Hyphenation is the use of hyphens.


Apostrophes are punctuation marks that look like a floating comma. They are used in contractions to replace letters from two words being joined together. Also, they are used with the letter ‘s’ in possessives to show ownership.

Quotation Marks

Quotation marks, also known as quotes, quote marks, speech marks, inverted commas, or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.


This week we are learning about, Homonyms or Homophones, well these can be really confusing at times, these are two or more words that sound alike but that are spelled differently and have different meanings.


This week we are going to talk about Period, A period is a small dot-shaped punctuation mark that is used at the end of any sentence that is intended to make a statement.


Let’s explore how to use a comma (,). A comma marks a slight break between different parts of a sentence. We need to remember few rules to use it properly.

Subordinate Clauses

Subordinate clause is a clause that does not make sense on its own and cannot be a sentence on its own.


Let’s explore how to use modifiers in reading and writing. A working definition for the word “modify” is to change or to alter something. … A modifier changes, clarifies, qualifies, or limits a particular word in a sentence in order to add emphasis, explanation, or detail. Modifiers tend to be descriptive words, such as adjectives and adverbs.

Parallel Structure

This week we are learning about Parallel structure, that adds both clout and clarity to your writing. When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns.

Parts of a Sentence

Let’s learn about the basic parts of a sentence, the subject, the verb, and (often, but not always) the object. The subject is usually a noun—a word that names a person, place, or thing. The verb (or predicate) usually follows the subject and identifies an action or a state of being. An object receives the action and usually follows the verb.

Clauses - Part 1

This week, we are learning about clauses. A clause is the basic building block of a sentence; by definition, it must contain a subject and a verb. Although they appear simple, clauses can function in complex ways in English grammar. A clause can function as a simple sentence, or it may be joined to other clauses with conjunctions to form complex sentences. In this tutorial we are talking about the Independent clauses.

Clauses - Part 2

This week we are learning about an Adjective clause. An adjective clause is a dependent clause. An adjective clause modifies a noun or a pronoun. An adjective clause begins with who, whom, which, that, whose, when, where, whyand follows the word it modifies.

Clauses - Part 3

This week, we are learning about a noun clause, which is a group of words that contains a subject and a verbIt acts as a noun. Note that a noun clause cannot stand alone. It is a subordinate clause and it needs to be attached to an independent clause. A noun clause can be the subject or object of the verb in the main clause.

Clauses - Part 4

An adverb clause is a group of words that function as an adverb in a sentence. The clause can modify or describe verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. In general, adverb clauses add information that elaborates on when, where, why, how, how much or under what condition the action in the sentence takes place.

Clauses - Part 5

In this part, we are looking at different types of Adverb Clauses.  Adverbial clauses are very useful in sentences, and there are many types that express different things: location, time, reason, condition, degree/comparison, concession, and manner, among others.